Author Guidelines

Animal Conservation provides a forum for novel, peer-reviewed research into the conservation of animal species and their habitats. The focus is on rigorous quantitative studies of an empirical or theoretical nature, which may relate to populations, species or communities and their conservation. The journal publishes single-species papers only when they have clear broader implications for conservation of other species or systems. A central theme is to publish important new ideas of broad interest and with findings that advance the scientific basis of conservation.

Instructions To Authors

Papers should be submitted online at Full upload instructions and support are available online from the submission site via the 'Get Help Now' button. Please submit your covering letter or comments to the editor when prompted online.

The submissions listed below are considered:

Research papers

Must be limited to 4000 words, excluding references, tables and figures


Review articles should provide a succinct analysis of the subject and can include quantitative meta-analysis, syntheses and modeling approaches, and critical evaluation. Prospects for future research directions should be described. Reviews should be limited to approximately 5000 words (excluding references, tables and figures), and have a maximum of 80 references. Extensive literature reviews will not be considered.

Prospective review authors should submit a 300-word abstract, a list of up to 20 key references, and a cover letter (two pages maximum) outlining what will be discussed in the review article, to the Reviews Editor ( The editor will supply feedback for manuscript preparation if the review proposal is accepted. Authors should note that all articles in Animal Conservation are peer-reviewed and publication cannot be guaranteed.

Letters from the Conservation Front Line

Submissions and responses should be emailed to; limited to 1000 words.

Papers that report experimental work must comply with the standards and procedures laid down by British national or equivalent legislation. Attention is drawn to the 'Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research' published in each January issue of the journal Animal Behaviour. Papers will not be accepted if they are based on work involving cruelty to animals or if the work may have put at risk endangered populations, species or habitats. The Editors may seek advice from the Ethical Committee of the Zoological Society of London on ethical matters.


Animal Conservation will consider for review articles previously available as preprints on non-commercial servers such as ArXiv, bioRxiv, psyArXiv, SocArXiv, engrXiv, etc. Authors may also post the submitted version of their manuscript to non-commercial servers at any time. Authors are requested to update any pre-publication versions with a link to the final published article.

Conflict of interest

Authors must declare details of any potential conflict of interest. A conflict of interest exists when professional judgement concerning a primary interest (such as animal welfare or the validity of research) may be influenced by secondary interests (personal matters such as financial gain, personal relationships or professional rivalry).

Page Charges

There are no page charges to publish in Animal Conservation.
Click here to submit a paper


Submission of a manuscript will be taken to imply that the material is original and that no similar paper is being, or will be, submitted elsewhere, either in whole or substantial part. Serialized studies should not be submitted and titles should not contain part numbers. The Editors reserve the right to accelerate the publication of high-profile papers, commissioned reviews or topical papers. Authors are required to provide the names of 2 - 4 suitable referees, however the Editor reserves the right to choose referees other than those suggested.

Copyright Assignment

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

  • Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Online Open

OnlineOpen is a pay-to-publish service from Wiley Blackwell that offers authors whose papers are accepted for publication the opportunity to pay up-front for their manuscript to become open access (i.e. free for all to view and download) via Wiley Online Library. Each Online Open article will be subject to a one-off fee of US$3000 to be met by or on behalf of the Author in advance of publication. Upon online publication, the article (both full-text and PDF versions) will be available to all for viewing and download free of charge. For the full list of terms and conditions, see:

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available here (Please note this form is for use with OnlineOpen material ONLY.)

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Data Sharing

Animal Conservation expects that data supporting the results in the paper will be archived in an appropriate public repository. Whenever possible the scripts and other artefacts used to generate the analyses presented in the paper should also be publicly archived. Exceptions may be granted at the discretion of the editor for sensitive information such as human subject data or the location of endangered species. Authors are expected to provide a data accessibility statement, including a link to the repository they have used, to accompany their paper.

DNA sequence data

DNA sequence data published in Animal Conservation should be deposited in one of the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ nucleotide sequence databases, and accession numbers must be included in the final version of the manuscript. Genetic data from sources other than the manuscript must either be publicly available (with accession numbers or citations provided) or the authors must have appropriate permission to use unpublished data. Such permission should be described explicitly in the covering letter.

Data Citation

Authors are required to include data citations as part of their reference list. When citing or making claims based on data, authors must refer to the data at the relevant place in the manuscript text and in addition provide a formal citation in the reference list. Author should reference data following the format: Authors; Year; Dataset title; Data repository or archive; Version (if any); Persistent identifier (e.g. DOI)


Typescripts must be typed in double spacing, and pages should be numbered consecutively, including those containing acknowledgements, references, tables and figures. Lines must be numbered, preferably within pages.

Manuscripts for review must consist of no more than two files and should, ideally be a single file with figures embedded in the text (please note that separate high resolution figure files will be required upon acceptance - please see below). Typescripts must be in English (both English and American English are acceptable).

The Editors reserve the right to modify accepted manuscripts that do not conform to scientific, technical, stylistic or grammatical standards, and these minor alterations may not be seen by the authors until the proof stage.


The Metric system must be used and SI units where appropriate. For further details see Baron, D.N. (1988). Units, symbols and abbreviations. 5th edition. London: Royal Society of Medicine Series. Whole numbers one to nine should be spelled out and number 10 onwards given in numerals. If a new taxon is described, the institution in which the type material is deposited must be given, together with details of the registration assigned to it. Full binomial names should be given on the first occasion an organism is mentioned (and abbreviated thereafter), except at the beginning of a sentence. Avoid footnotes except to add information below the body of a table. Do not use initial capitals for the common names of animals unless derived from a proper noun.


The typescript should follow the conventional form and must include:

  1. Title page giving a concise title (do not include scientific names in the title), followed by a list of authors' names and the institutions where the work was carried out. The name, address and email address of the corresponding author should also be given. A short title for page headings must be provided (maximum 8 words).

  2. Abstract of not more than 300 words which should list the main results and conclusions. The abstract should also explain the importance of the paper in a way that is accessible to non-specialists and should describe the novel aspects of the research and highlight the relevance of the findings to other taxa or general principles in conservation biology. Authors may submit non-English abstracts for online publication to allow the international research community greater access to published articles. Translated abstracts should be submitted in pdf format as supplementary material. The Editors have no input into the content of supplementary material, therefore accuracy is the sole responsibility of the authors.

  3. Keywords. A maximum of eight keywords may be suggested.

  4. Introduction, which should not provide a review of the area of work but should introduce the reader to the aims and context for the work described.

  5. Materials and Methods should be sufficient to allow the work to be replicated, but should not repeat information described fully elsewhere.

  6. Results should be restricted to a factual account of the findings obtained and the text must not duplicate information given in Tables and Figures.

  7. Discussion. This should point out the significance of the results in relation to the reasons for undertaking the research, and describe the novel aspects of the research and the relevance of the findings to a range of taxa or general principles in conservation biology.

Please note that appendices are no longer published in the printed version of the journal. Supplementary material may be published online only. References Accuracy of references is the responsibility of the author(s).


Must be checked against the text to ensure (a) that the spelling of authors' names and the dates given are consistent and (b) that all authors quoted in the text (in date order if more than one) are given in the reference list and vice versa. The full title of the paper must be given together with the first and last pages.

Journal titles should be abbreviated in accordance with the Zoological Record Serial Sources, published annually by BIOSIS.

Book titles should be followed by the place of publication and the publisher. Please give the name of the editor(s) if different from the author cited.

In the text, references must be arranged chronologically with the surname(s) of the author(s) followed by the date. Use a, b, etc. after the year to distinguish papers published by the same author(s) in the same year. Reference should not be made to unpublished data.

  1. Two authors: use both names and the year. Do not use et al.

  2. Three authors: on first citation use all authors' names and the year. Thereafter it is usually sufficient to give the name of the first author followed by et al. and the date.

  3. More than three authors: on first citation and thereafter give the name of the first author followed by et al. and the date.

In the list, references must be arranged first alphabetically under author(s) name(s) and then in chronological order if several papers by the same author(s) are cited.


  • Lemelin, P. (1996a). Relationships between hand morphology and feeding strategies in small-bodied prosimians. Am. J. phys. Anthrop. (Suppl.) 22, 148.

  • Lemelin, P. (1996b). The evolution of manual prehensility in primates: a comparative study of prosimians and didelphid marsupials. PhD thesis, State University of New York at Stony Brook.

  • Pianka, E. R. (1978). Evolutionary ecology. 2nd edn. New York: Harper & Row.

  • Whitear, M. (1992). Solitary chemosensory cells. In Fish chemoreception: 103-125. Hara, T. J. (Ed.). London: Chapman & Hall.

References in Articles

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. EndNote and Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:


Illustrations may be line drawings or photographs and should be numbered consecutively in the text as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 etc. Component parts of figures should be labelled (a), (b), (c) etc. Captions for figures, which should be self-explanatory, must be typed, double spaced, on a separate page and must not contain details of results.

Our preferred electronic file type is vector-format encapsulated post script (EPS) because these images are scaleable and therefore do not lose quality in the online PDF. All line drawings or photographs with added labelling should be supplied in EPS format. Half tones without any labelling should be supplied in TIFF format at 300 dots per inch minimum. If line drawings cannot be supplied as EPS files then they must be in TIFF format with a minimum resolution of 800 dpi. These resolutions also apply to any images embedded into an EPS file.

Line drawings

Should not be larger than twice the final size and in no circumstances should exceed 168 x 220 mm. The axes of graphs should be carefully chosen so as to occupy the space available to the best advantage. When reduced, the drawing should fit into either one (80 mm) or two (168 mm) columns, preferably the former.

Lines should be bold enough to stand reduction to about 0.25-0.35 mm. Line drawings should be as simple as possible and many computer-generated figures, such as 3-dimensional graphs, fine lines, gradations of stippling and unusual symbols, cannot be reproduced satisfactorily when reduced. Unsatisfactory line drawings will have to be redrawn at the author's expense. Preferred symbols are open and filled circles, boxes and triangles, and these should be used consistently. Lettering should be kept to a minimum and should be self-explanatory and unambiguous and of sufficiently high quality and size to be clearly visible after reduction to final size. Lettering of all figures within the manuscript should be of uniform style in a sans serif typeface (Helvetica) and capitals should be used for the initial letter of the first word only. Bold lettering should not be used.


Should be the same size as they will appear in the journal and should be selected to fit neatly into one column (80 mm) or two columns (168 mm). Photographs should be labelled and numbered as for line drawings. For microscopical preparations, scale bars with appropriate units must be provided; statements of magnification are not acceptable.

Colour Figures

May be accepted provided that they are of a very high quality. The cost of reproduction must be met by the author(s) and a binding agreement to meet the costs will be required before the manuscript can be accepted for publication. For colour figures, the instructions for the preparation of photographs should be followed. Original illustrations should not be sent until the paper has been accepted and will only be returned on request. Any article received by Wiley Blackwell with colour work will not be published until the colour work agreement form has been returned to the the following address:

Customer Services (OPI)
John Wiley & Sons Ltd,
European Distribution Centre
New Era Estate
Oldlands Way, Bognor Regis
West Sussex PO22 9NQ


These must fit the page size (220 x 168 mm) without undue reduction. Oversize tables will not be accepted. Tables are referred to as Table 1, Table 2, etc., and any sub-sections as (a), (b), etc. Footnotes in tables should be indicated by superscript a, b.

Decisions and invitations to revise

All submissions are subject to peer review and authors can expect a decision, or an explanation for the delay, within 3 months of receipt. If a revision is requested, the corresponding author should submit the revised manuscript within 2 months unless there are special reasons for a delay, agreed in advance with the Editor. Papers not received within 2 months may be treated as new submissions and sent for further evaluation by new referees.

Pre-submission English-language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.